A currency in the simplest sense is currency in any shape or form when currently in circulation or use as a medium of trade, especially circulating foreign coins and banknotes. Most countries issue their own currency which is known as the “bility” of the country that normally serves as a bartering exchange for other goods and services. Money is issued by governments as a measure to stabilize the monetary and credit rates of their respective countries. The value of each unit of currency is primarily based on the political, economic and social context of that particular country and is established through the government. While most countries use the U.S dollar as their country’s currency, some other countries also issue their own currency. Some countries issue their currency in different denominations such as the British pound, the Japanese yen, and the Swiss franc.


The most common and widely-accepted currency around the world is the U.S. dollar due to its international status and position as the globally recognized currency. Unlike other currencies, the U.S. dollar is generally accepted and traded not only within its country but also among other countries. There are many types of international currency: the virtual currency, which generally refers to the Swiss franc; the convertible currency, which generally refers to the Australian dollar; the major currencies, which generally refers to the euro, the Japanese yen and the pound; the emerging economies, which generally refers to the Malaysian ringgits, the Chinese renminbi and the Indian rupees; and the offshore currencies, which generally refers to the Swiss franc and the Canadian dollar. There are also other currencies used in international trade, which are traded like stocks and shares. In order to trade these currencies, traders usually use Forex, a virtual currency market that is available to both investors and traders alike on the Internet.

As mentioned earlier, the trading and exchange of currencies takes place on the Forex market. On this virtual exchange market, individuals and companies trade and purchase one type of currency, usually the one they want to trade, and then sell another type of currency. For instance, the buying and selling of Swiss francs is done by individuals who wish to buy Swiss francs and sell them for another currency. The trading and exchange of currencies takes place through the intervention of brokers who control the trades of specific foreign exchange market.